Cultivation Information for Common Species

Scientific Name Common Name Plant Type Flower Season Flower Color Height
(in flower)
Native Habitat Uses and Comments
Andropogon brachystachyus Shortspike Bluestem Perennial Summer to fall Silver to white 2 to 4 feet Wet pinelands and pond margins Showy fall flowers; needs to be cut back annually
Andropogon glomeratus var. glaucopsis Purple Bluestem Perennial Summer to fall Silver to white 2 to 6 feet Wet to dry pinelands and disturbed areas Showy fall flowers; needs to be cut back annually
Andropogon glomeratus var. pumilus
Bushy Bluestem Perennial Mid-summer to fall
Silver to white
2 to 5 feet Ditches and other disturbed areas Showy fall flowers; needs to be cut back annually
Aristida stricta Wiregrass, Pineland Threeawn
Perennial Mid to late summer  Cream to tan
2 to 4 feet Moist flatwoods to dry sand hills Foliage becomes arching as clump ages
Carphephorus corymbosus Coastal Plain Chaffhead Perennial Mid-summer to early fall Pinkish purple
2 to 3 feet Sandy soil in open areas and thin woods Perfoms best in dry sites
Chamaecrista fasciculata Partridge Pea Annual Mid-summer to mid-fall
Bright Yellow 3+ feet Dry pinelands and disturbed areas
Readily reseeding annual; hard seed (See "Germinating Wildflowers with Hard Seed" at end of Table)
Conoclinium coelestinum Blue Mistflower Perennial Mid-summer to early fall Bluish purple 3+ feet Moist woods and low areas Spreads readily vegetatively
Coreopsis basalis Goldenmane Tickseed, Dye Flower
Annual Mid-spring to very early summer
Yellow 1 to 1 1/2 feet Meadows, pastures and disturbed areas Co-exists well with bahiagrass in dry, sandy sites; reliably showy regardless of weather
Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf Tickseed Short-lived perennial semi-evergreen to evergreen Spring Yellow 1 to 1 1/2 feet
Sandhills; disturbed areas; edges of cypress swamps Slightly dry to slightly moist site; remove faded blossoms for reflowering
Coreopsis leavenworthii Leavenworth's Tickseed
Short-lived perennial Mid-spring to early summer
Yellow 1 to 3 feet Wet flatwoods and moist disturbed areas
Nearly endemic to Florida (outside of Florida, only occurs in two Alabama counties)
Dalea pinnata Summer Farewell Perennial Late summer to mid-fall White; becoming  mauve-ish as flower ages
2 to 3 feet Scrub and pinelands Good for dry, sandy, full sun sites; hard seed (See "Germinating Wildflowers with Hard Seed" at end of Table)
Eupatorium perfoliatum Common Boneset Perennial Mid-summer to mid-fall White Up to 5 feet Flood plains, swamps, bogs, wet meadows White inflorescences stand out against dark background, for example, when planted in a moist area along a woodland edge
Gaillardia pulchella Blanketflower; Firewheel; Indian Blanket Short-lived perennial
Mid-spring to mid-fall
Yellow and red; red; yellow; rose; rarely white
1 to 2 feet Disturbed areas; sandy open sites Excellent for dry, sandy, full sun sites; grayish green foliage; can be an aggressive re-seeder
Helenium autumnale Common Sneezeweed Perennial Summer to mid-fall Yellow 2 to 5 feet Moist to mesic flatwoods; floodplains
Showy yellow flowers attractive to butterflies
Helianthus radula Rayless Sunflower Perennial Mid-summer to fall Very dark purple 3 to 4 feet Moist to mesic pinelands, flatowoods and disturbed areas
A must-have novelty plant for the gardenign enthusiast. Long leafless flower stem terminated by a single "sunflower" lacking petals
Ipomopsis rubra Standing Cypress Biennial
Mid-summer to early fall
Red 2 to 5 feet Dry, well-drained sandy soils
Plant en masse for striking color; tubular flowers attract hummingbirds; infrequently, some plants are annuals
Juncus effusus Soft Rush Perennial Summer
Brownish 1 to 4 feet
Swamps, marshes, bogs, riverbanks Provides food and groundcover for songbirds and waterfowl
Liatris spicata Dense Blazing Star Perennial Mid-summer to mid-fall Purple 1 to 5 feet Moist pinelands, savannahs, and disturbed areas
Performs well under garden conditions as long as soil does not dry out; very attractive to butterflies
Muhlenbergia capillaris Hairawn Muhly
Perennial Fall Purple 2 to 5 feet Pine flatwoods, beach dunes, disturbed areas Salt tolerant bunchgrass that performs best in sandy soils; widely used in landscapes
Penstemon multiflorus Manyflower Beardtongue Perennial Mid-spring to early fall
White to white tinged with purple
1 1/2 to 3 feet
Sandhills, and dry pinelands and disturbed areas
High drought tolerance; very attractive spikes of tubular flowers
Phlox drummondii Drummond Phlox Annual Spring
White; pink; purple; red 10 to 20 inches Pastures andDisturbed areas Co-exists well with bahiagrass in dry, sandy sites; reliably showy regardless of weather
Rudbeckia hirta Blackeyed Susan Short-lived perennial
Mid-spring to fall
Yellow 1 1/2 to 2 feet Pinelands, prairies, and disturbed areas
Prefers slightly drier sites in northen Florida and slightly moister sites in central and south Florida
Rudbeckia mollis Softhair Coneflower Biennial
Summer
Yellow 1 1/2 to 3 feet Sandhills and disturbed areas
Only plant in sandy, well-drained soil soil; infrequently, some plants are annuals
Sisyrinchium angustifolium Narrowleaf Blue-eyed Grass Perennial Late winter to mid-spring Blue to bluish purple
Up to 20 inches Marshes, and moist flatwoods, savannahs, meadows, and disturbed area Member of the iris family with grass-like foliage; mass planting provides striking wave of blue; flowers tend to close up during afternoons on sunny days
Solidago canadensis Canada Goldenrod Perennial Fall
Yellow Up to 5 feet Disturbed areas like fields and roadsides Cover for wildlife and nectar for butterflies; requires full sun
Solidago odora Anise Goldenrod Perennial Mid-summer to fall Yellow Up to 4 feet Sandhills
Foliage emits anise-like scent when crushed
Tridens flavus Purple Top Perennial Mid-summer to fall
Dark reddish purple
4 to 6 feet Dry pinewoods, flatwoods, and disturbed areas
Under landscape conditons, a dense bunchgrass with daylily-like foliage
Trifolium reflexum Buffalo Clover  Annual  Spring Pinkish red
 6 to 10 inches
Mesic to dry open woodlands, meadows, and disturbed areas Showiest of Florida's two native clovers; hard seed (See "Germinating Wildflowers with Hard Seed" at end of Table)
Vernonia angustifolia Tall Ironweed Perennial Summer to early Fall Purple 3 to 4 feet Sandhills, and dry pinelands, open hammocks, and disturbed areas
Butterfly attractor
Vernonia gigantea Giant Ironweed Perennial Summer to mid-fall
Purple 3 to 9 feet Mesic to moist pinelands, hammocks, edges of woodlands, and disturbed arease
Butterfly attractor
Xyris
Yelloweyed Grass Perennial Spring to fall, depending on species
Yellow or white Up to 28 inches Moist flatwoods, floodplains,and disturbed areas
Grass-like plant with flowering stem that terminates in a cone-like structure with a yellow or white flower; yellow-flowered species are difficult to distinguish

Germinating Wildflowers with Hard Seed Coats:  Seeds have hard, water impermeable seed coats that prevent germination. Lightly abrading the hard seed coats on sandpaper or a concrete surface (“scarification”) for a few seconds will allow the seeds to absorb water and germinate. To test whether the seed coats have been abraded enough, place a few of the abraded seeds in a shallow dish of water. Sufficiently scarified seeds will swell noticeably within an hour or two; swollen seeds must be sown immediately.  If most seeds do not swell, repeat the abrasion process and retest.  Scarified seeds should be sown within a week or two.